When you think of nonfiction, the new biography on sale or a story you’ve read in the daily newspaper might come to mind. In reality, nonfiction can take the shape of essays, documentaries, encyclopedias, textbooks and many more formats. Even though the way in which nonfiction is presented may differ, it normally gets grouped into four types.

Before we begin, get the definition of nonfiction writing.

Narrative Writing

This type of nonfiction tells a true story about a person, event or place. Sometimes this kind of nonfiction can be written in the first person, but it always involves some research on the writer’s part.

Expository Writing

The purpose of this type of nonfiction writing is to explain or inform a reader about a certain topic. With expository writing, the reader may or may not have prior knowledge about the topic being discussed, so research is central to successfully executing expository nonfiction.

Persuasive Writing

With persuasive writing, the writer takes a position on an issue and argues for his or her side or against an opposing side. The writer will use facts and information to support his or her own argument while trying to influence his readers’ opinions. Normally, this kind of writing takes the form of an op-ed piece or editorial in the newspaper.

Descriptive Writing

Descriptive nonfiction employs all five senses to help the reader get a visual of what the writer is trying to describe. Sensory language, rich details, and figurative language are methods used to achieve good descriptive nonfiction.

Next: How to Write Nonfiction in Five Steps

Posted: 10.08.2011
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dora    January 19, 2012 3:56 PM
Favorite Book: The Help
Ms. D    February 10, 2012 1:37 PM
Favorite Book: "Holes" by Louis Sachar
We are a class of fourth grade students and have been studying the various forms of non-fiction. We have some suggestions for your article: -Narrative non-fiction is a story that contains factual events and realistic characters. -Imaginative non-fiction is a story that contains factual events with unrealistic characters. -Instructional non-fiction teaches you how to do something with step-by-step instructions. -Reference non-fiction helps to guide you to information. -Newspapers give you information about what happens around the world -Magazines are entertaining and informational. -Informational non-fiction informs you about a certain topic. -Online resources can do all of the above.
jaidyn trivette    August 22, 2012 5:45 AM
Favorite Book: THE VERY HUNGRY CATERPILLAR!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Nelieza Tubeza    August 28, 2012 3:54 AM
Favorite Book: Magic Tree House collection...
very nice article,, many students will be thankful to know this topic\s.. keep up the good work.. god speed!!!!
Shaun    November 21, 2012 11:45 AM
Favorite Book:
Thanks for the help! :D
Matthew Koelbel    December 20, 2012 6:46 PM
Favorite Book: The Little Prince
In my ninth grade English class, they teach us that there are eight types of nonfiction. However, I am not saying you are wrong.
Destiny Thomas    March 11, 2013 12:02 PM
Favorite Book: twilight
well its good
Brianna V.    May 09, 2013 6:57 AM
Favorite Book: Chicken soup for the teenage soul
i love nonfction!!!
almira a. delos reyes    June 10, 2013 3:49 AM
Favorite Book:
thank you for this information :)
jennylyn m.silvestre    September 23, 2014 12:53 AM
Favorite Book: english book
thank you :) :) :) :)
jennylyn m.silvestre    September 23, 2014 12:55 AM
Favorite Book: twilight
thank you for the text that ive read :)
non of your buisness    February 08, 2015 6:34 AM
Favorite Book: matilda
thank u for the text
Desdimona    March 01, 2015 8:40 PM
Favorite Book: The Good Neighbors by Holly Black and Ted Naifeh ( a killer duo)
this info was a life saver. help me so much w/ my English test. thnx so much!!!!! just being curious, r there any other types of non-fiction? :)
Justin winningham    April 01, 2015 3:07 PM
Favorite Book: Mike Lucia books
Thank u
Audrey    September 20, 2015 3:25 PM
Favorite Book: The Hunger Games
This was very helpful. Thanks:-D
jason hillyer    March 02, 2016 11:57 AM
Favorite Book: The hunger games
vary good book!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
peterponle    April 26, 2016 7:26 PM
Favorite Book:
type of non fiction prose. 1.biography 2.autobiography 3.memoir 4.autobiographical
Lourdes Velez    September 20, 2016 1:07 PM
Favorite Book: The Children in the Woods
I am a tutor and I had to help my student how to understand this; it helps a lot, thanks!

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